Vol. 1 No. 1 (2020)

Assessment of the Quality of the Environment in Duhok Province, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Amina Muhammed
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Hazhir Karimi
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Berivan Gharab
Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
Sevar Neamat
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
Karamreza Mirzaei
Department of Geography, Faculty of Basic Education, University of Zakho, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Published 2020-08-30


  • environmental quality,
  • environmental indicators,
  • GIS,
  • Duhok

How to Cite

A. Muhammed, H. Karimi, B. . . Gharab, S. Neamat, and K. . Mirzaei, “Assessment of the Quality of the Environment in Duhok Province, Kurdistan Region of Iraq”, JoCEF, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 20-24, Aug. 2020.


Analyzing the quality of the environment is essential because it directly affects public health status and plays a significant role in the quality of life. This research aimed to evaluate the environmental quality of human-made factors in Duhok province using available data and geographic information systems. Population density, solid waste generation, and the location and density of the industrial units were considered and evaluated as the main anthropogenic factors affecting the quality of the environment in the study area. The overall result indicated that 28% and 58% of the study area has a moderate and high-quality state (suitable level), respectively. While low and very low classes involved only 14% (unsuitable level) mostly found in the southern regions and the province's capital. However, the low portion of the unsuitable situation highlighted this point that the province's capital and other main cities such as Zakho, Akre, and Semel had inappropriate environment quality and should be taken into more consideration. The integrated analysis of the environmental quality in Duhok province would increase the protection of the ecological environment and help the regional sustainable development and improvement of the quality of the environment.


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