TY - JOUR
AU - Mama, Benjamin Okwudili
AU - Oguaghamba, Onyedikachi Aloysius
AU - IKE, Charles
PY - 2024/09/18
Y2 - 2024/11/12
TI - Deriving Ritz formulation for the Static Flexural Solutions of Sinusoidal Shear Deformable Beams
JF - Journal of Civil Engineering Frontiers
JA - JoCEF
VL - 5
IS - 02
SE -
DO - 10.38094/jocef50284
UR - https://jocivilef.org/index.php/jocef/article/view/84
SP - 49-54
AB - <p><strong>This paper presents the Ritz variational method for the static bending analysis of sinusoidal shear deformable beams. The theory accounts for transverse shear deformation and satisfies transverse shear stress-free conditions at the top and bottom surfaces of the beam. The total potential energy functional for the thick beam bending problem is formulated and minimized using a Ritz procedure. The problem considered simply supported boundary conditions and two cases of loading – uniformly distributed load over the span and point load at the center. The function is a function of two unknown displacement functions constructed in terms of unknown generalized displacement parameters and shape functions that satisfy the boundary conditions. Ritz minimization of the functional is used to find the generalized displacement parameters and then the displacements <em>w</em>(<em>x</em>) and The displacements and stresses are found for the loading distributions considered. It is found that the results obtained agree remarkably well with the exact results obtained using the theory of elasticity. The differences between the present results and the exact solutions are less than 0.3% for maximum transverse displacement for both cases of loading considered. For uniform load over the beam, the result for <em>l</em>/<em>t</em> = 10 is 0.112% greater than the exact solution. For the point load at the center, the result for <em>l</em>/<em>t</em> = 10 is 4.468% greater than the exact solution. The increased difference in the point load case is due to the singular nature of the point load problem.</strong></p>
ER -